Different Types of Recruitment Procedure

Recruitment Procedure

There are many interview boards/selection committees for the purpose of interviewing candidates for jobs under the Government, the Autonomous bodies set up by Govt and Semi-Govt bodies, Public Sector Undertakings, large private companies and area-specific local companies.

Each have a different job profile and though they assess more or less the same qualities in an individual through an interview, they often have different qualifications fixed for them.

Public Service Commission & Staff Selection Commission

a) The Central Govt recruits its personnel through Union Public Service Commission (for Gazetted officers) and through Staff Selection Commission (for Non-Gazetted employees).

The UPSC conducts Civil Services Examination under which recruitments are made to Indian Administrative Service, Indian Police Service, Indian Foreign Service, Posts and Telegraph, Audit and Accounts, Customs, Excise, Revenue Services, Railways, Indian Information Services and other group ‘B’/Section Officers grade services. The civil services examination is a three-stage exam with preliminary test followed by a written exam and then interview.

b) The UPSC also conducts examination/interview for Indian Forest Service, Engineering Services, Economic Service/Statistical Service, Special Class Railway Apprenticeship, Combined Medical Services, National Defence Academy, and Combined Defence Services, Besides, the UPSC many a time advertises for different odd posts in Central Govt and different Union territories and straightaway calls for an interview. But these are mainly the senior level positions and not meant for fresh graduates/postgraduates without any work experience.

c) There are several state public service commissions which conduct examinations for selection to state specific Govt services at group ‘B’ and ‘C’ level. The jobs include state civil services and education, medicine, engineering, etc. services of the state government.

Recruitment Procedure

Government Autonomous Bodies

There are institutions like Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) and Council for Scientific and Indus trial Research (CSIR) which recruit their group ‘A’, mostly scientific, staff through recruitment boards constituted by these bodies. The technical and other group ‘B’ and ‘C’ staff are mostly recruited by the different units of these autonomous bodies at local level, mostly through open competition.

Then there are Central and State universities having col leges which recruit personnel, both teaching and nonteaching. For the teaching positions, the staff are recruited under the UGC guidelines through National Eligibility Test followed by an interview. The non-teaching staff are mostly recruited through local-level examinations.


a) There are approximately 240 Public Sector Undertakings (PSUs) under the Union Government. Selections in them are through exams and interview, each PSU conducting its own. Some of the popularly known PSUs are:

1. Life Insurance Corporation (LIC); 2. Unit Trust of India (UTI); 3. NABARD; 4. SIDBI; 5. Coal India Limited (CIL) and its subsidiaries; 6. Oil India Limited (OIL); 7. NALCO; 8. ONGC; 9. BHEL; 10. MTNL; 11. VSNL.

These PSUs recruit management trainees (MTs) in the lowest management/officer grade. Except for the LIC and GIC (including its subsidiaries), which take fresh graduates with no specific professional qualification, almost all others ask for postgraduates in, say, Business Administration (MBA), Finance (CA/ICWA/CFA etc), Computers (MCA) or the Engineering disciplines, particular to the organisation.

The special feature of selection in these organisations is Group Discussion or Group Exercises. After the written examination the shortlisted candidates are put to group discussion, where a debatable subject is put before a group of 5 to 8 candidates and they are given 20 to 30 minutes for open discussions. Further, in some cases, an additional problem situation relating to management/production is given to the group to find out the best possible method of solving it.

b) The Govt. of India has constituted various Banking Service Recruitment Boards (BSRBs). The BSRBS conduct periodic examinations for selection of Officers and Clerks in different public sector banks of India. Separate advertisement is made for recruitment in Junior Management Grade, Scale I (Probationary Officer) of different banks at different times in a year.

Besides these Nationalised Banks, some Private Sector Banks and Foreign Banks conduct examinations of their own. The eligibility conditions and selection procedure in them are almost the same. The difference being that the private sector banks and the foreign banks require specialised degrees like MBA, CA/ CS/ICWA, MCA, etc.

The State Bank of India (SBI) has a central recruitment board (CRB) for selection of POS and Clerks in State Bank of India and its seven associate banks. Usually, the recruitment is done every year and the number of vacancies is large. The SBI offers its employees higher pay scale than those of other nationalised banks and is therefore the preferred one.

Recruitment Procedure

The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has a separate services selection board which holds competitive examination for recruitment of Officers in Grade ‘A’ and in Grade B’. The recruits in Grade ‘B’ Officers get an advantageous start over their Grade ‘A’ recruits. The RBI also recruits staff in its Clerical cadre. The distinct advantage of RBI is that its offices are located in State Capitals only.

Apart from the SBI and the RBI, the different Nationalised Banks are grouped into five Banking Services Recruitment Boards depending upon the headquarter location of these banks. For example, BSRB Delhi holds competitive all-India exams for selection of Probationary Officers in Punjab National Bank, Oriental Bank of Commerce, and Punjab and Sind Bank.

BSRB Madras holds exam for Indian Bank. BSRB Bangalore conducts exams for Canara Bank, Corporation Bank, etc. Though these banks have branches spread across the country, the density is in these specific locations.

c) The Railways recruit the Non-gazetted employees through different Railway Recruitment Boards, presently functioning at the nine railways zone headquarters. The posts are mainly of Assistant Station Master, Drivers, Mechanics and similar ones. The advertisements keep on coming round the year.

d) The Staff Selection Commission holds the following competitive examinations:

1. Clerk’s Grade Examination

2. Inspectors of Central Excise, Income Tax, etc. Examination

3. Stenographers’ Grade C Examination

4. Stenographers’ Grade D Examination

5. Divisional Accounts/Auditors/UDC, etc. Examination

6. Assistant’s Grade Examination

7. Police Sub-Inspectors’ Examination

8. Hindi Pradhyapak Examination

9. Investigators’ Examination

10. Transmission Executive Examination

11. Senior Observers’ Examination

12. Teachers in Municipal Corporation of Delhi

13. Hindi Translators Examination

Private Sector Companies

There are some nationally and internationally reputed Indian private concerns, namely Reliance, Larsen & Toubro (L&T), Tata Iron and Steel Company Ltd (TISCO), Tata Electric and Locomotive Company Ltd (TELCO), Tata Consultancy Services (TCS), Infosys, Wipro etc.

They mostly avoid written exams as part of their selection process and either recruit through campus interviews or open interviews. The pay/perks are negotiable and rise/ promotion in the organisation entirely depends upon the performance/output of the individual. With globalisation several international organisations have set up branches in India.

They may be Hyundai, Daewoo, General Electric, Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Procter & Gamble etc. Recruitments in them are generally through campus interview. Besides, several domestic financial institutions like IDBI, IFCI, ICICI, SHCIL, etc and the foreign institutional investors are in the market. There are other mutual fund organisations like Canara bank, SBI Caps, TMF, Kotak Mahindra, etc wherein people with finance/stock market background keep moving in and out of different jobs.

Local Companies

With the opening up of the economy, several companies in the services sector, dotcoms, internet service providers, pharmaceuticals, coaching institutes, educational centres and other small manufacturing units, have come up.

They and several other local companies advertise in newspapers for different job positions like Sales Manager, Medical Representative, Receptionist, Computer Operator, etc. Selections in them are mostly through a walk-in interview. Though there is nothing good or bad about these jobs, they may be treated as a stop-gap arrangement or a launching pad.

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